Many Australians will spend decades as retirees, that’s time spent working, travelling or spending time with their families. Planning for retirement now will ensure you’re able to live the way you want.
Planning can make your retirement dreams possible
So what sort of retirement do you imagine? As with all areas of your life, planning is a great way to achieve the future you dream about.
Questions to ask yourself to help kick start your retirement planning
Here are a few questions to get your retirement planning underway. Thinking about these might lead you to more questions, but that’s the fun part of the journey.
- How much money will you need for your retirement plan?
- How long will you likely spend in retirement?
- Where will the money come from?
- Where will you live when you’re retired?
How much money will you need to retire?
How much money you’ll need to retire, has a lot to do with the lifestyle you’d like to live. Once you understand what you’re likely to spend in retirement you can look at the types of income streams you will rely on.
It may be possible to get by on the Age Pension and other government subsidies, but keep in mind the Age Pension (for a single person) is currently set at around 29% of the Australian average full time wage of AUD$82,436, opens in new window (excluding bonuses and overtime).
So how much will you need in annual income in retirement? If you already have a personal or household budget, try updating the information to reflect your predicted spending in retirement. While your work costs will be reduced or even eliminated, you’ll spend more in other areas, for example, medical costs, travel and maybe some ‘adventuring’.
As a guide most people need around 67% of their pre-retirement income to maintain the standard of living they enjoyed before they stopped working, according to Moneysmart, opens in new window.
Keep in mind your plan needs to be a long-term one. It’s likely that your spending, and your needs, will be different in the later years of your retirement to what they are at the start. Your plan will need to evolve and be adaptable.
Where will your money come from?
Age Pension - eligibility and amount
Once you reach qualifying age for age pension - currently 66 – you may be eligible for a fortnightly Age Pension (subject to asset and income tests). As of 22 May 2019, this provides a maximum income of $926.20 a fortnight for singles, and $1,396.20 per fortnight for couples (combined) including supplements. You can find out more from the Department of Human Services, opens in new window.
Superannuation - when you can access it and how much to spend
You could start accessing some of your super as soon as you hit your preservation age, opens in new window. Obviously, the less you draw down now, the more funds you’ll have later on.
You’ll have to withdraw a minimum amount each year from your super pension account, depending on your age. For example, if you’re between preservation age and age 64, your annual payment as a percentage of your account balance must be 4%. Unless you have met a full condition of release, opens in new window, you may also be limited as to how much you can withdraw from your pension each year, and whether or not you can access lump sums.
Investments - do your research on what's possible
Ideally, soon-to-retire Australians have a diverse range of investments besides their super scheme and the family home. You can never do enough research. Have a look at ASIC’s Moneysmart website, opens in new window they provide a summary of retirement, social security benefits and super — among other things. NAB also has a range of resources you might find helpful.
Down-sizing your home
While many Australians have wealth tied up in their family home and some down-size to buy a smaller home to release equity in their home, what you do depends on your own personal circumstances. There are many things to consider before you can do this, including tax implications, Centrelink entitlements and eligibility. It’s important to discuss this with a financial adviser to make sure this is the right strategy for you, before making a decision.
Where will you live in retirement?
Going further into retirement most likely means your lifestyle will change. But it also offers an opportunity to shift lifestyles to one that better suits that stage of your life. Here are a few common housing choices retirees make.
It’s a concept that is becoming increasingly popular, particularly for those who may have lost a spouse. Living with a flatmate means sharing the costs of living such as utilities and rent. It can also be a form of income if you own your home.
Over 55’s or retirement living
This can be a great way to retain your independence, while also becoming part of a community style of living.
When things really slow down, and you could use a few extra sets of hands to help you with the day to day tasks, aged care can help.
Caravans and RVs
Buying a caravan or RVs are another option for senior living. Whether that's becoming a resident in a RV park with small lots and community space, or travelling across Australia by caravan.
Have confidence in your future with help from a financial adviser.
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This information is provided by National Australia Bank Limited ABN 12 004 044 937 AFSL No. 230686 (NAB), a member of the National Australia Bank Group of companies. Any advice is general in nature and has been prepared without taking into account your personal objectives, financial situation or needs and because of that you should, before acting on the advice, consider the appropriateness of the advice having regard to those matters. See the NAB Financial Services Guide for details about relationships between NAB and product issuers, and remuneration or benefits that may be received in relation to NAB’s authorised services.